The first visit to a dentist should take place once a child has their first tooth. An early visit to a dentist is the best prevention which might help avoiding a variety of problems, such as tooth removal or cavities in the future. There are different ways of prevention which are the following:
- DENTAL SEALANT
The newly grown permanent teeth do not have fully developed and mineralised grooves yet; which makes them more damage-prone. They are difficult to clean and are often full of bacteria and a perfect place for decay. In order to maintain these teeth healthy, it is recommended to apply the so-called dental sealant. Only the grooves of healthy permanent teeth are covered with sealant. It it recommended to do this procedure once permanent teeth grown up. Sealant helps keeping food particles and bacteria from getting stuck in the grooves of teeth and helps preventing from decay up to ten or more years.
- FLUORIDE APPLICATION
Fluoride is a very important micro-element which makes teeth stronger and more decay-prone, its application helps maintaining the needed fluoride amount. A dentist covers a surface of a tooth with fluoride cover which dries up as a thin layer on a tooth, which stays up to twelve hours. During the time, the enamel absorbs the necessary fluoride. A protected tooth resists decay up to three or four months. In order to protect teeth to a maximum, it is recommended to apply this treatment repeatedly.
European Council of Children Dentists recommends applying fluoride as a cheap, easily accessible and effective early mean of preventive treatment.
- PROFESSIONAL DENTAL HYGIENE
Professional dental hygiene is a simple, cheap and effective way of avoiding decay and gum problems in children’s teeth. A child might not regularly clean their teeth or clean it well; therefore, regular dental hygiene is recommended.
TREATMENT OF CHILDREN TEETH DECAY
Decay damages primary and temporary teeth. It is important to visit a dentist in order to detect dental decay as early as possible. It is possible to treat decay at early stages without drilling, only applying special treating material on a tooth. Later on a more serious treatment is necessary such as drilling and filling. If decayed primary teeth are not treated, it causes pain and might damage the development of temporary teeth. If decay is not treated in permanent teeth, it causes pulpitis, inflammation of dental pulp tissue, which then leads to inevitable treatment of dental root canals.
ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT FOR CHILDREN
Orthodontic treatment allows solving crooked teeth problem effectively and for a long time. It is important to notice and diagnose occlusion problems, since many of them ca be corrected at an earl age. Orthodontic treatment is treatment of incorrect occlusion and crooked teeth straightening with removable orthodontic appliances or brackets.
SURGICAL PROCEDURES FOR CHILDREN
- Removal of primary tooth, the ones that do not fall for a long time or disrupt the growth of permanent teeth;
- Surgical treatment of diastema is gap between two teeth. Thick and low labial frenum may condition a gap between two front teeth. A dentist decides whether a plastic surgery is needed in such cases when a child is 9 or 11 years old. If a gap remains then a consultation with an orthodontist is needed who might suggest visiting a plastic surgeon.