Hip replacement surgery is the most effective treatment, applied to cure degenerative joint diseases, which can cause joint deformities and dysfunction. During joint prosthesis, worn-out joint surface is replaced with an artificial prosthesis, in order to restore the function of the joint and eliminate pain, discomfort. In Lithuania, the newest technologies and methods of treatment are applied. Lithuanian specialists are highly appreciated in Europe and other continents. dition.
- It is possible to do a whole joint prosthetics, when worn-out femoral head is replaced and new acetabulum of the pelvic bone is formed. (Femoral head can be replaced by a metallic or ceramic component, which is consolidated to a metallic pole and forged into femur, while the acetabulum is replaced by a polyethylene or metallic implant with an insert from polyethylene).
- Replacement of hip joint surfaces – unhealthy or damaged hip joint surfaces (femoral head and acetabulum of the pelvic bone) are replaced by metallic inserts.
In order to avoid the dislocation of prosthesis, it is forbidden to cross your legs, rotate the operated foot inwards, bend the leg through the hip joint more than 90 degrees and sit at 90 degrees position. Patients are trained to move and walk correctly with crutches or walkers.
After hip replacement surgery the combined rehabilitation is recommended. An individual rehabilitation plan is created for each patient:
- Medical treatment is prescribed to prevent pain and complications.
- Compression therapy is applied to reduce the tumefaction of legs.
- Kinesiotherapy – involves creating individual programs for muscle force and stamina increasing, as well as improving the amplitude of movements and operated joint functions.
- Physiotherapy – electrostimulation, cryotherapy, hydrotherapy. These procedures activate healing processes and circulation of the blood, stimulate tissue, suppress inflammation and pain, increase muscle tonus.
- Ergotherapy – for training occupational skills.
- Massage – covers hip joint area and legs (postoperative wounds must be fully healed).
- Auxiliary orthopaedic devices to ensure joint stability.