LABORATORY TESTS is a part of diagnostics which helps warning a patient about a possible threat to one’s health or detect an early diagnosis. Laboratory tests examine a patient’s body sample results fall within the normal range.
- Clinical blood tests (general blood test, leucogram, ENG test, general urine test, urine microscopy, blood coagulation test, blood group test etc.) are such tests that provide information about the general condition of a patient, their organ condition, present or future diseases and other in other way unrecognisable changes.
- Biochemical tests (electrolytes, lipidogram cholesterol test, glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, liver function test, pancreas function test, kidney function test, iron test, plasma protein test, micro-element iodic preparation test, heavy metal blood test etc).
- Cytology tests (exfoliative cytology, PAP smears) which examine individual cells and possible changes in them. This test looks at different smears, sheds from body surfaces, their form, size and structure is examined. Cytology tests allow detecting early changes and diagnosing malignant masses or any other pathological changes.
- Genetic testing (Y chromosome, biological paternity test, DNA tests, genetic diseases) helps detecting changes happening in chromosomes, genes or protein, which allows finding out possible diseases and the possible risk of them, as well as determining DNA testing for relationship.
- Hormone testing (thyroid test, sex and other hormones) detects changes in hormones.
- Tumour markers test show whether there are any tumour markers in blood. In case of tumour, cancer cells produce tumour markers, meaning that high tumour markers can be a sign of cancer.
- Immunology test (antibodies or antigen test) identifies antibodies, commonly these are proteins that are made by a type o white blood cell in response to a foreign substance in the body. This test will help determining what allergies a patient might have.