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Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst is a pathological derivative in the ovary, caused by a fluid accumulated in a membrane of an ovary. The ovarian cyst is compared to a balloon, filled with a fluid, which may differ in transparency, consistency and content. Cysts can be functional, endometriotic and non-cancerous ovarian derivatives. Functional cysts form when a normal ovarian function is disturbed.

SYMPTOMS:

  • constipation;
  • irregular or painful menstrual period;
  • pain and heaviness in the lower abdominal;
  • frequent defecation and urination but passing only a small amount of urine each time;
  • constipation, flatulence.

TREATMENT: Surgical treatment can be applied for those cysts, which do not go away on their own.
Functional ovarian cysts can naturally go away on their own, without a mark. In a case with follicular cysts, a hormonal treatment can be applied for 3-6 months. If a woman has a cyst after the menopause, blood test (CA-125) is applied to screen for ovarian cancer. If a cyst is bigger than 10cm and has uneven structure, a surgical procedure and a histological examination are recommended. A surgical removal of the cyst is recommended for women of childbearing age because a cyst can become malignant. For post-menopausal women ovarian cysts are removed together with the ovary.