PROFESSIONAL ORAL HYGIENE is a professional removal of plaque and tartar. Professional oral hygiene is done by a dental hygienist or a dentist, using special instruments. Toothbrush cleans only 60% of the tooth surfaces, no matter how thoroughly the teeth are cleaned. It does not reach everywhere, some plaque might be left on the back teeth, lingual surfaces and teeth grooves. After some time, on the tooth surfaces forms a layer of sticky film. Eventually this substance hardens into tartar with the help of saliva. Tartar is a hard layer of calculus along the gums and tooth surface. It can be of a various size and colour (from white to brown). Personal oral hygiene is not effective for tartar removal, only a dental hygienist can remove it.
During the procedure, a dental hygienist professionally removes hard and soft plaque, tartar, polishes tooth surfaces and if necessary, arranges the applications of the mineral and therapeutic materials. Ultrasonic scaler is used for plaque removal. It has a vibrating tip, which softly cleans plaque from the tooth surface, this method is safe and painless. Hand tools are used for hardly reachable areas, such as interdental spaces.
When plaque is removed, advanced and safe technology of air abrasive polishing (Air Flow) is applied. It is a controlled flow of soda and calcium carbonate particles. This flow is directed to the dental surface with the help of water stream and pressed air. This method is very effective in cleaning plaque from uneven or smooth tooth surfaces and interdental spaces in a very short period of time. This technique is special because tooth surface is affected at a distance. As a result, no damage is caused for the hard tissues of the tooth and gums. Air Flow technique is perfect for cleaning pigmented plaque, caused by smoking, black tea, coffee and other teeth-staining foods.
Eventually teeth are polished with brushes, rubber polishing disks and polishing paste. Polished dental surfaces are more resistant to decay and become smooth, shiny, soft and have less plaque.
It is recommended to have a professional oral hygiene every 6 months. Patients who smoke or have a tendency towards higher dental plaque accumulation should visit a dental hygienist 3-4 times a year. Often professional oral hygiene procedures are needed before many others: periodontal operations, tooth whitening, prosthodontics, orthodontic treatment.