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The most common gynaecological diseases

Uterine myomas/fibroids are very common benign smooth muscle tumours that appear due to sexual hormone imbalances and often grow unnoticed and cause symptoms very rarely or only after they have grown; the symptoms include pain, menstrual disorders, anaemia, infertility, etc. The treatment method is chosen based on a particular condition of the patient, her wish to have children. Possible methods: open surgery, laparoscopic method, uterine artery embolization, focal ultrasound treatment and medical treatment.

After the treatment women will be able to fully enjoy life again without inner fears, and their sexual and everyday life quality improves!

Endometriosis is the second most common female gynaecological disease which manifests itself when endometrium tissue grows outside the organ and causes chronic inflammation. Endometriosis causes many symptoms that make the everyday life more difficult: pain during periods or sexual intercourse, aching, tiredness, infertility; a more specific symptom is brown discharge when it is not the regular time of the period. Diagnostics is started with ultrasound scan and laparoscopy is carried out to confirm the results.

Every woman is treated individually taking her condition and future plans into account as well as seeking to ensure qualitative and happy life. Both medical treatment and surgery are applied.

Vaginal thrush is one of the most common fungal genital infections which usually manifests itself only when the immune system weakens. Thrush is usually identified by redness in the genital area, itching, white secretion that looks like curd. In order to confirm the diagnosis, smears from vagina, penis, urinary tracts.

Medical treatment is applied: suppositories, ointments or pills. It is important to undergo the treatment together with the sexual partner because of the risk of re-introduction of the infection. Thrush is nothing to be ashamed of, therefore it is not worth delaying the visit to a specialist because of fear.

Ovarian cyst is a pathological formation in the ovary filled with fluid. Functional or endometrial cysts as well as true benign ovarian formations are distinguished. Cysts may cause constipation, flatulence, painful and irregular periods, pain at the bottom of the pelvis, urination disorders. The initial diagnostics is carried out using ultrasound but other radiological methods are possible as well.

Treatment varies from hormonal and medical to surgical depending on woman’s fertility and the type of the cyst.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder of the female body hormones balance when follicles are developing in the ovaries but ovulation does not occur. The syndrome is diagnosed when 2 out of 3 symptoms are present (The Rotterdam criteria): oligo/anovulation (period occurs less often or does not occur altogether); increased hair growth; polycystic ovaries.

The treatment plan is based on the woman’s sexual life, her wish to have children. At first treated using contraceptives or hormonal medicine and if the medical treatment is ineffective, then a surgery is carried out. Correct treatment allows one to get rid of their complexes, no longer feel unwell, freely plan one’s future and enjoy life.