Therapeutic dentistry includes a variety of ways and methods to treat damaged teeth and gums in a non-surgical manner. Its main aim is to diagnose teeth problems as early as possible in order to maintain healthy teeth.
- Treatment of dental decay. If teeth and its surrounding areas are not cred for properly, the bacteria begins to digest the sugars left over from food on one’s mouth and convert it into acids asa waste product.
Most commonly a simplest filling is enough to treat it. There are different types of filling materials that can be used, depending on the area where decay occurs. If caries damages a large proportion of a tooth, it might break or the surroundings might get inflamed. Inserting the filling into a tooth allows to protect the enamel and the dentin, as well as nerve tissue. Moreover, it does not allow infection to move into internal dental structures and bone tissue.
- Replacing old fillings. Since older generation fillings have a large shrinking coefficient in time there are microgaps between a tooth and a filling. Bacteria gets into these microgaps as well as food leftovers which makes a perfect place for secondary caries. Tooth sides become thinner due to this process and it becomes easier for it to brake. Therefore the old and poor quality fillings need to be replace. Modern fillings stand out with minimal shrinking coefficient which decreases the risk of secondary caries.
- Root canal treatment endodontics is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During the treatment procedure a root canal, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. If inflammation or infection are not treated in the root canal, the infection may move into surrounding tissue, while inflammation might spread around the root, sinuses and even go down to the jaw bone. A person might not feel at early stages of infection; however, later the pain might strengthen or there might be some swelling. Therefore, it is crucial to begin endodontic treatment are early as possible. The treatment usually takes place during one or few visits to a doctor, depending from the current situation which is assessed by the doctor.
- Procedure of endodontic treatment: Local anaesthetic is administered to numb the tooth and increase the comfort of a patient during the treatment. The dentist then drills into the crown of the tooth to open it. This allows special instruments to be inserted into the pulp chamber and root canals to clean the inflamed or infected pulp from the area. Once the inflammation is stabilised, canals are hermetically placed with filling. After the treatment a filling is placed on a tooth crown or it undergoes prothesis.