Urinary infection treatment

Urinary infection treatment is an infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. Infection is typically caused by pathological microflora that gets in through urethra. Poor immunity generally effects the condition, different colds, stress, antibiotics which change the normal flora. Bad hygiene, specific organ features or their dysfunction, such as short urethra, which is more typical for women, rare urinating, inflammations or sexually transmitted diseases may also effect the condition. Bacteria which gets into through urethra up to urinary bladder may move to ureter or kidney if untreated. Since the infection may localise in any urine bladder segment, the clinical spectrum can be very different starting from no symptoms bacteria to urosepsis and multi-organ failure syndrome; therefore, it is important to diagnose the condition on time.

Classification of the infection:

  • Lower urinary tract infection – cystitis (inflammation of the bladder cause by a bladder infection) and uretritis (inflammation of the urethra). Common symptoms include pain or burning feeling while urinating; frequent urinating in small dosages, bloody or cloudy urine, strong smell and pelvic pain.
  • Upper urinary tract infection is also known as pyelonephritis, sudden and severe kidney infection. Typical symptoms include pain in inflamed places, back or one side, high fever with chills, frequent painful urinating with different colour urine, vomiting.
    In order to diagnose the condition, a urine sample is taken, in addition, a kidney ultrasound is given, sometimes computed tomography is prescribed.

Antibiotic therapy is prescribed to treat the condition. If it is not treated, it may complicated and cause kidney failure; therefore, one should go to a doctor if any of the symptoms occur.